To begin with, “development” has many meanings and connotations that are of multiple dimensions. It passed through different phases that deeply affected its extent of development, openness to other fields that were not within its common limits, though the human being is its axis along with his surrounding environment, thinking about how to improve and exploiting all the opportunities that lead to this improvement.
Though the core of development is the economic growth, this economic dimension does not supersede the importance of other development dimensions such as human and political development. If the economic growth particularly the sustainable one that became globally required refers to the renewable development that aims at reducing the consumption of natural resources provided that it does not go against the environment, the human development is a process whose goal is to expand the options available for people.
As for the political development, it is a process that has a future institutional dimension, focusing on building the political institutions, enabling them, activating their role, and encouraging the democratic practices of people within their framework.
In the light of what has been stated, the study will address the following aspects:
First: Important elements to settle the political development in Iraq:
Education and its results
Supporting Human development
Supporting political education
Second: Political participation
The concept of Political Participation
Political Participation in Nineveh Governorate
Third: Future of Political Development in the Governorate of Nineveh
In the light of this scientific study, the researcher reached to the following conclusions:
The education system of the city needs to be updated to a large extent to improve the educational environment, raise the scientific awareness of people to an advanced level that enables them to understand the surrounding issues and those surrounding the governorate and the whole country. In this way, we will have an active member of the society who provides the government with his ideas that are beneficial to the public.
The citizenship bond has been weakening on the part of the citizens in the governorate of Nineveh as a result to the negative accumulations of life that the individual has witnessed there, whether before ISIS or during their time which is the most brutal phase, and maybe even the one that will come after the liberation under the destroyed infrastructure of a semi-distressed or disaster city, which needs real exceptional treatment and solutions.
There is lack in the citizen’s role in a purposeful and influential public opinion within the political education framework of people of Iraq in general, and of the governorate of Nineveh in specific resulting from numerous reasons such as fear of chaos, absence of security and stability, economic regression, low-standard livelihood, and other reasons.
The absence of economic and political development as a result to unstable circumstances people witnessed in the city. This led to a bigger gap reflected on the fact that the same citizen gave up on his or her constitutional right within the political framework represented by the right for voting and also being a candidate.
Many educated society sections refrained from voting under the mistrust between the citizen and the parties, and political blocs and their agenda as a result of the fact that people did not observe a significant change during prolonged periods of time.
When Mosul people gave up on constitutional right for voting, they let other figures hold the political floor but they extremely lack political experience and competency through which they can provide basic services for the governorate and its citizens.